Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet, (French 1819-1877), The Stonebreakers, 1849-50, oil on canvas, 1.59 x 2.56 m, Gemäldegalerie Dresden, Germany (missing; presumed destroyed).

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Gustave Caillebotte, (French 1848-1894), The Floor Scrapers, 1875, oil on canvas, 102 x 146.5 cm, Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France. © RMN, Hervé Lewandowski

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Marcel Duchamp, (French 1887-1968), In Advance of a Broken Arm, after 1915 lost original / March 1945, Readymade: show shovel, wood and galvanized iron, 121.3 cm, Collection of the Societe Anonyme, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut. © Yale University Art Gallery.

Marcel Duchamp, (French 1887-1968), In Advance of a Broken Arm, after 1915 lost original / 1963, Readymade: show shovel, wood and galvanized iron, 125 cm, Gift of the Moderna Museets Vanner, Replica by Ulf Linde, Moderna Museet, Stockholm. © Moderna Museet.

Marcel Duchamp, (French 1887-1968), In Advance of a Broken Arm, after 1915 lost original / August 1964, Readymade: show shovel, wood and galvanized iron, 132 cm, Gift of The Jerry and Emily Spiegel Family Foundation. Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY. © The Museum of Modern Art.

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Yves Klein, (French 1928-1962), Yves Peintures, 1954, Booklet including ten color plates (tipped-in colored papers of various dimensions and hues, pasted on paper), 9.6 x 7.4 in, © Yves Klein Archives.

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Yves Klein, (French 1928-1962), Haguenault Peintures, 1954, Booklet including ten color plates (tipped-in colored papers of various dimensions and hues, pasted on paper), 9.6 x 7.4 in, © Yves Klein Archives.

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Daniel Buren (French 1938-), Olivier Mosset (Swiss 1944-), Michel Parmentier (French 1938-2000), Niele Toroni (Swiss 1937-), "18ème Salon de la Jeune Peinture” – Manifestation 1”, Musée d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France, January 3 - 25 1967, dimensions variable, © Photo: Bernard Boyer, Paris © Daniel Buren Archives.

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Agnes Varda, (French 1928- ), Les glaneurs et la glaneuse (The Gleaners and I) , 2000, documentary film, 82 minutes, © Agnes Varda.

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